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Dr Pradip Sikdar: Need to safeguard Kolkata wetlands to avert groundwater catastrophe in metropolis

(In an exclusive interview to Anjishnu Biswas, editor of exoticecho.com, Dr Pradip Sikdar noted hydro geologist explains the significance of the wetlands of Kolkata and the need to safeguard them to prevent ground water contamination and maintaining the ecological balance of “The City of Joy”.)



Kolkata November 30: Wetlands can be termed as transitional lands between terrestrial and aquatic system where the level of water is present at the surface or near it. According to RAMSAR Convention 1971 wetlands have been defined as regions consisting of marsh, fen, peat land or water, natural or artificial in form, temporarily or permanent in nature that can be static or brackish. This also comprises areas of marine water the depth of which does not exceed six meters.



Wetlands play a crucial role in sustaining an environment that is benign and helps in providing a healthy atmosphere for human beings. Wetlands are vital resources that offer eco-system services while at the same time regulate ecological activities that occur naturally. These include water storage, ground water recharge and discharge, flood control and river regulation, water purification as well as sediment retention. Wetlands are significant in terms of provisioning services that entail water supply both for humans and non human beings like birds and animals. Provisioning services of wetlands also include acting as resources for activities related to fisheries, agriculture, forage, craft materials and growth of medicinal plants. The cultural services that the wetlands offer come in the form of augmenting bio-diversity besides acting as cultural sites.



Wetlands act as a sink that absorbs Carbon Dioxide thereby reducing environmental pollution. They also absorb water and thus prevent flooding catastrophes in surrounding regions.



On 19th August 2002, East Kolkata wetlands were declared as RAMSAR site.

East Kolkata Wetlands is spread over an area of 12,500 hectares consisting of 45.93 percent of water bodies and 38.92 percent of agricultural terrain with the remaining area being occupied by urban and rural settlements, furthermore acting as garbage disposal sites.



Speaking exclusively to exoticecho.com Dr. Pradip Sikdar, professor of environmental management at the Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management noted that East Kolkata wetlands are of great significance in terms of maintaining the ecological balance of nature in and around Kolkata. He observed with caution that lax measures to safeguard these vital water bodies could augment the environmental problems already being faced by Kolkata in the form of abnormal weather temperatures recorded in both summer and winter coupled with odd rainfall conditions witnessed in the rainy seasons. Dr Sikdar observed that the existence of these water bodies offered a natural water treatment resource to the city of Kolkata by collecting 800,000 metre cube of water flowing out of the city everyday and subsequently treating it naturally. Expressing his concern about the way in which large stretches of the East Kolkata wetlands have been converted to fallow land, settlements, waste disposal ground and canals between 1965 to 1998, Dr Sikdar warned that attempts were covertly being made to convert parts of these crucial East Kolkata wetlands to enable human settlements to flourish. In this connection he referred to the alarming rise in rampant construction of high rises along the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass of the city, resulting in the destruction of several water bodies in the region. The alteration to the wetlands all through 1965 to 1998 and purportedly beyond the period which has remained unnoticed have resulted in massive exploitation of ground water for drinking, agricultural as well as industrial purposes in the absence of any other alternative source of water. Consequentially there has been a remarkable fall in the ground water level of the affected regions. This has also enhanced the risk of ground water being contaminated.



According to Dr Sikdar the setting up of the leather technology complex on the eastern fringes of the East Kolkata Wetlands in Kolkata have led to the exploitation of large quantities of groundwater for coping up with the activities connected with the procedure of manufacturing leather goods. The current massive utilization of ground water posed a serious threat to the flow pattern of ground water enhancing the threat of pollutants from solid waste disposal grounds in the East Kolkata Wetlands travelling long distances and contaminating the ground water in the zones where the screens of the pumping wells that extract water for human consumption are located. As a result the deep tube wells that extract water for domestic utilisation in Kolkata as well as the adjoining regions may pump out water containing toxic metals and metalloid like copper, nickel, cadmium, lead, chromium and arsenic.



Dr Sikdar clarified that several areas of the East Kolkata Wetlands do not have the top confining layer of clay but consisted of sand that occurred at the top, making these areas vulnerable to ground water contamination through poisonous metals at a more rapid pace.

Dr Sikdar observed that in a bid to lessen the risk of pollution in the aquifers that existed in Kolkata and adjoining regions efforts should be undertaken to minimize interaction between wetland water and ground water. This can be achieved by regulating deep tube well operation time, making available treated water supply system and adopting measures to harvest rain water. Artificially recharging the aquifers by means of harvested rainwater is also vital for safeguarding the ground water level from decreasing alarmingly.



Dr Sikdar warned of the prospective threat to the ecological system of the city if exploitation of groundwater for human consumption and activities linked to the construction of dwelling units continued unabated in the upcoming township of Rajarhat as well as in areas located along the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass of the city.



BY ANJISHNU BISWAS


300 crore to Bengal for safeguarding tigers

November 5: The Centre has made an allocation of more than Rs 300 crore to West Bengal for saving of tigers in Sunderban as well as Buxa sanctuaries of the state.

The finance was offered shortly in the aftermath of the West Bengal Government agreeing to the tripartite contract in mid-October with the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) representing the Centre as well as directors of the two tiger sanctuaries.

A top NTCA representative revealed that approximately Rs 260 crores as well as Rs 38.58 crores was granted to Sunderban and Buxa refuge respectively to ensure that the parks remained out of bounds for humans and their enhanced administration.

According to the government's rehabilitation strategy, Rs 10 lakhs is being every family units to shift from the parks to make it secure for the tigers in danger of extinction. The numbers of tigers has fallen to about 1,400 compared to 10,000 only a decade before in accordance with a current official approximation.


Unique Green Citizens Network Launched

October 22: Launched recently GreenCitizens.net is a unique Social Networking Platform on the World Wide Web. It was commenced with the objective to urge persons to transform them into what they label as Green Citizens. The website is based on three ethics which it believes are as well essential to accomplish this endeavor. These are Connect, Get Informed and Take Action.

A green citizen is a person who is conscious of the menace concerning climate alteration, who is conscious of his effect on the environment; one who is prepared to take part in this group by lessening his effect and broaden the message for the advancement of his society.

The website consists of a private carbonmanager for persons to analyze and control their carbon footprints, together with hundreds of guidelines as well as suggestions on how to lessen them, by effecting subtle and uncomplicated alterations to one’s way of life. A carbon footprint for a person is an evaluation of his effect on the atmosphere, the net GHG (Greenhouse Gas) discharges triggered precisely and not directly by him, calculated according to corresponding tones of CO2. The proposal is to take the notion of analyzing and being conscious of one’s carbon trace to the overall populace.

The site has an exceptional segment on GreenLiving with thousands of advices and guidelines for all the people to integrate in their existence. On the whole, it is a social networking website with the topic “Green”; created to embrace goings-on from all over the world and operate as a solitary origin of facts on the net on all green, by way of segments akin to Forums, News, Blogs, and its exclusive green wiki "Ecopedia". It will also act as an online fact list and a networking and marketing media for NGOs as well as Green Businesses offering those interactive means for extending to people and additional groups. The website is as well the single online portal in India with a devoted segment for Green Jobs; connected exclusively with the carbon, environmental, and energy segment.


Major Brazilian Associations Combine to Tackle Climate Change

September 9: Fourteen top Brazilian associations on behalf of the planted forests, agribusiness, and bioenergy segments have recently proclaimed the formation of the Brazilian Climate Alliance, with the objective of offering concrete plans for the discussions connected with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The key emphasis is the program that the Brazilian government has been protecting in worldwide discussions, ending with the 15th U.N. Climate Change Conference, the following December in Copenhagen, Denmark.

The Alliance's Position Paper emphasizes on the worldwide type of the tests related to climate change as a major aspect for the associations to bond for a particular endeavor. The document also stresses on the requirement for synchronized and vital measures that prioritize obtainable expertise that are cost-effective and guarantee short-term effect. "In the Alliance's view, the position paper is a work in progress that will evolve as negotiations and other initiatives along the same lines progress," observed the President of the Brazilian Agribusiness Association (ABAG), Carlo Lovatelli.

The forceful role played by the segments that create the Alliance to climate change alleviation is underscored, chiefly since they are suppliers of renewable energy, for example biodiesel, ethanol, planted forests, wood charcoal and additional types of biomass able to replace fossil and highly toxic fuels. Taken in their entirety, the products from the segments showcased in the Alliance comprise more than 20% of the total Brazilian energy environment. Furthermore, the prospective to arrest, preserve and augment carbon stocks among the segments represented in the Alliance is noteworthy.

"It is essential for Brazil to move forward with proposals that increase the possibilities of earning carbon credits, something to which Brazil's access has been unfairly limited. It's as if we are being penalized for being pioneers in various initiatives that clearly help to reduce carbon emissions, but are not recognized by existing mechanisms, such as the large-scale production and use of ethanol," affirmed the President of the Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association (UNICA), Marcos Jank.

The Brazilian Climate Alliance emphasizes that Brazil, a nation with one of the tidiest energy atmosphere in the globe, with above 40% of its composition emanating from renewable supplies, should take a vital part in worldwide environment discussions. "In spite of this number, the image that prevails and has to be changed is that of a carbon-emitting Brazil, particularly because of deforestation and burnings that happen in the Amazon. For that reason, Brazil ends up being included among the villains of global warming," note Elizabeth de Carvalhaes, Executive President of the Brazilian Pulp and Paper Association (Bracelpa).

The Position Paper stresses that the segments represented in the Alliance offer 16% of Brazil's entire overseas sales. These segments are as well acknowledged for advancing and circulating dependable creation procedures that wind up not obtaining appropriate appreciation. This is a condition that straight and harmfully affects entrance to chief purchaser markets, which view these segments as not in keeping with the required standard and as an outcome, fine their products.


Combined Project Witnesses Rise of First Green Minority-Owned Executive Search Firm

Safflyn Corporation, a green advancement organization along with Minority Executive Search, Inc. have formally consented to setting up the first green minority-possessed executive search company.

Reacting to the tests presented by President Obama to offer a Green Economy, Safflyn Corporation and Minority Executive Search, Inc. consented to make official a combined endeavor to form a novel Green Focus agenda for Green Job Training and appointment. Exclusively created for the Green Leadership Institute, the agenda will focus on furnishing guidance assets, expertise advancement and job appointment help to those looking for work in the new Green industry.

"Green Leadership is the only route we have to keep our economy going in the right direction. This convergence of experience and resources to create a valid talent pool, which can answer more acutely the challenges faced by companies in time of climate change, is a juggernaut solution for President Obama and the American Economy," observed Jason Safford, CEO of Safflyn Corporation.

The aim of the combined project between Safflyn along with Minority Executive Search will create a Green Jobs guidance agenda at the Green Leadership Institute, a charitable association based in Jordanville, NY and established by Safflyn Corporation to react to the tasks for enhanced responsible guidance and ecological accountability.

Mr. Eral Burks, President of Minority Executive Search a company that has existed for 25 years, observed, "The importance of this agreement is to answer the current challenges faced by companies today. The Green Leadership Institute provides a tangible resource that can help business become sustainable and more profitable immediately. We are tremendously excited that we are part of piloting such an important mission that assists the message of our President and may offer great results for the future of our country."

The objective of the agenda will be to recognize and coach flair for entrance to administrative level positions. Minority Executive Search will be in charge of assisting organizations unearth and employ administrative flair with a Green setting, furthermore to assist with guidance of obtainable experts and present experts in changeover with a precious source for attaining prospective appointment.

The agenda will be offered via the Green Leadership Institute and are obtainable straight away for commerce.

For additional facts on the Green Focus Initiative, one may refer to www.greenleadershipinstitute.org or contact via email at greenleaderinfo@gmail.com.


Novel Venture To Offer Support To California Producers To Be Conservation Stewards

A novel opportunity is obtainable to California farming and forestry cultivators providing fiscal encouragement to take on extra preservation actions on their land. The Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) is a charitable venture that eggs on creators to uphold accessible protection actions and append fresh ones.

"This program is for those willing to do additional conservation activities over and above their current stewardship levels," noted Gayle Norman, NRCS stand-in State Conservationist in California.

The program was endorsed by Congress in the 2008 Farm Bill and will be obtainable all the way through to 2017. It substitutes the previous Conservation Security Program, which Congress relabeled and totally overhauled to facilitate its accessibility and make it attractive to cultivators . It is being governed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS).

Cultivators willing to submit an application are requested to evaluate program facts online at www.nrcs.usda.gov/new_csp/csp.html prior to making a visit to their neighborhood NRCS field agency. Submission must be given by September 30 to be recognized for fiscal support in the opening ranking stage.

Entitled lands comprise agricultural land, grazing plains, enhanced pastureland, rangeland, forestland where no private industry exist, and farming land under authority of an Indian tribe. Entitled claimants comprise private owners of land, Indian ethnic groups, as well as authorized unit.

"The program will reward producers who manage their operations to prevent soil erosion, prevent water contamination, and manage dust from roads," Norman further added


Farmers South of Lake Okeechobee Boasts of Greater Accomplishment in Everglades refurbishment

In the Everglades refurbishment effort, cultivators south of Lake Okeechobee registered one more year of fabulous accomplishment through their environmental friendly agricultural activities.

Adopting Best Management Practices (BMPs), cultivators in the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) obtained 68 percent phosphorus cutback in the water flowing from area, as revealed by the South Florida Water Management District's yearly announcements on Everglades’s refurbishment feat. IN accordance with the Everglades Forever strategy, cultivators are assigned with cutting back phosphorus levels by 25 percent annually; a task made ever more complex by the growing phosphorus density in the water the farms obtain from Lake Okeechobee. The fabulous accomplishment of the venture has been linked to an average of 54 percent phosphorus cutback in the course of the last 14 years.

"At Florida Crystals, we were heartened by the results of the report," observed Gaston Cantens, Florida Crystals Vice President adding, "This is scientific data that shows sustainable agriculture and Everglades’s restoration go hand in hand."

Even after the endorsement of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) almost a decade before, the lone profitable refurbishment endeavor up to now is the EAA farmers' achievement of Best Management Practices and the storm water management constructed on previous sugar cane agricultural land, which eradicate phosphorus in the water gushing from Lake Okeechobee via the EAA to the Everglades.

Regrettably, devoid of comparable ventures to purify the growing phosphorus contaminated water flowing towards Lake Okeechobee from watersheds extending from north of the lake to Orlando, the much badly treated greater Everglades north of the EAA, the lake along with the St. Lucie as well as Caloosahatchee estuaries will keep on worsening.

Florida Crystals is the top national sugar manufacturer and North America's first completely built-in cane sugar facility. Florida Crystals generates the lone organic sugar created totally in the USA, cultivated and reaped on Florida agricultural land. Florida Crystals(R) Organic along with unprocessed products are the foremost sugar yield licensed CarbonFree(R) (carbon neutral) by Carbonfund.org. Florida Crystals' recyclable power capacity is the biggest of its variety in North America and furnished uncontaminated energy that propels its sugar functions and numerous home requirements, plummeting America's reliance on fossil energy by one million barrels of oil annually and eradicating hundreds of thousands of tons of carbon dioxide yearly. For additional facts one may refer to www.floridacrystals.com.


Cenergy Power turns Minturn Nut Company into solar powerhouse

August 26: Minturn Nut Company, a top cultivator as well as processor of California almonds, recently proclaimed the conclusion of a 403 kilowatt (kW) direct current solar photovoltaic network on the top of its stockroom services. The big solar network was planned and fitted by Cenergy Power, a solar contributor with top business solar benefits for the business segment.

As revealed by the California Solar Initiative's community record, this is the biggest business venture yet to be custom-built in the City of Le Grand, California. The network is anticipated to produce more than 575,000 kwh of solar power per year, counterbalance above 90% of Minturn Nut's electric services bill on its biggest meter, make payments for itself in fewer than 4 years, together with lessening Minturn Nut's carbon trail by almost 302,000 lbs. annually.

"This is a tremendous solar solution for our company both as a business investment--over 20% annual rate of return--and as an opportunity to go renewable in a big way," observed Keith Rigg, general manager for Minturn Nut further noting, "We have also been impressed with Cenergy Power's professionalism and know-how throughout the planning and construction process."


Activities commence on remarkable Wind Power Venture at Upper Scioto Valley High School

August 23: Efforts are in progress on a notable wind power venture that will fix two wind turbines on the site of Upper Scioto Valley High School, making available up to one-third of the electricity for the school's novel Wind/Energy Academy along with its "Green Lab" service.

The venture which has been made feasible in component by means of the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act is being advanced by NexGen Energy Partners, LLC, a countrywide major in on-location renewable energy technique. The two turbines are planned to be ready towards the end of September.

"This will be the largest wind power installation at any Ohio school," observed Dr. Rick Rolston, administrator of the Upper Scioto Valley School District further noting, "The project provides our students with an up-close educational experience, and also provides them access to higher education opportunities and direct contact with employers in the growing field of renewable energy. Our students will have the opportunity to be in on the ground floor of an industry that will only gain in importance in the coming years."

The school's exclusive Wind/Energy Academy is considered to be a "living laboratory" for renewable energy as well as additional rising clean expertise. Its Green Lab resource centre is situated in McGuffey, with another facility close to Alger.

The Academy will offer training not just for Upper Scioto Valley pupils in classes K-12 but as well for grown ups in the community.

John Brown, president of NexGen Energy Partners, observed, "Helping to make this project a reality for the school district and the surrounding community is an exciting example of public-private partnerships, and an example of the local impact of federal stimulus funding."

Brown revealed that the venture would characterize the biggest on-location, third-party-run renewable energy network in Ohio. NexGen combined with Engineered Process Systems of Huron, Ohio, and other local mechanical as well as electrical service providers in advancing the venture.

On top of federal incentive support, the venture was assisted by fiscal and technical back up from the U.S. Department of Agriculture along with the Ohio Department of Development.


Centre to toil for safety of Shom Pen ethnic group

August 21: The Government has commenced endeavours for the safety of the rapidly diminishing Shom Pen ancient clan in the Nicobar Islands and planned conferring the category of Unique Human Heritage of the nation on the ethnic group. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs, which is acting on an outline strategy in this respect, has planned to reinforce the stipulations of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Protection of Aboriginal Tribes) Regulation, 1956 by a revision.

The strategy recommends constraint on the exterior interference in the existence and traditions of the Shom Pen tribe and enclosure of a stipulation in the 1956 Regulation to offer preventive penalty to people sneaking into the Shom Pen reserve and barrier regions with no a tribal pass. The outline strategy plans access constraints similar to that of Lakshadweep as well as the North-East.

The strategy also recommends creation of a non- invasive database on every family unit of the clan at Nicobar to guarantee that tribe members develop and live in fine health. Shom Pen is one of the most remote and badly appreciated existing hunting clan that lives in the southernmost isle of the Nicobar Archipelago. They exist in approximately 12 habitats constructed of bamboo as well as leaf thatch.


National Environmental Protection Authority to tackle climate change

August 19: State Environment Ministers have consented to the setting up of a National Environmental Protection Authority to cope with the problems associated with climate change. The agency to be established within a year will enjoy the authority for competent execution of legislations along with regulations for ecological fortification apart from its observation as well as fulfillment.

Apprising the media in the evening about the resolutions adopted in a state conference that lasted for a day in New Delhi, the environment and Forest Minister Jairam Ramesh revealed that it as well resolved to organize state level action tactics on climate change, as emphasized on by the Prime Minister, to cope with the mounting apprehensions of climate change.

Establishing high level boards for river protection, prompt action tactics for coping up with industrial units, and carrying out urgent review of highly toxic industries are several additional major aspects of the resolutions adopted at the meeting.


States to formulate action plans to cope with climate change crises: PM

August 18: The Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh has urged the states to generate action plans in keeping with the countrywide preparation to cope with the challenge of climate alteration. Speaking at the national convention of state environment Ministers in New Delhi on Tuesday. Dr. Singh wanted their assistance for the accomplishment of eight countrywide ventures along with additional major mechanism of the countrywide action arrangement on climate change.

Dr. Singh laid stress on updating obtainable forests and wild life administration networks apart from the prevailing wild life and administration network. He emphasized on the utilization of the knowledge of tribals to protect forests. 400 crore rupees have been sanctioned to quite a few states since Monday and an additional 1000 crores will be provided to them in the next two days. 11,000 crore rupees have been allocated for the venture.

Articulating worry regarding environmental degeneration of rivers along with lakes, the Prime Minister affirmed that the government had made a resolution to accept a special and most comprehensive tactic to cope with this crises.


Mark West Chamber of Commerce labels California American Water as 'Member of the Year'

The Mark West Chamber of Commerce has pronounced California American Water as their 2008-2009 "Member of the Year."

The yearly honor is accorded to the organization or person that obviously adds to the enhancement of both the trade and private segment of the Larkfield society.

"It was consensus of the board," observed Mark West Chamber President Walt Smith. "In the final analysis, we thought California American Water had done so much more than anyone else and, in appreciation, that's where the vote went."

California American Water has been assisting its Larkfield clients for over 30 years, performing a crucial task in offering the neighborhood populace and businesses with a dependable source of premium water. This also comprises attempts to lessen water misuse in Larkfield by way of conservation movement and the opening of tiered rate constructions, which honours minimal water consumers with reduced charges. The company's movement has been a key accomplishment, having lessened water consumption in Larkfield by over 25 percent this year.

Besides other conservation attempts, California American Water workers and volunteers abolished a decorative turf and substituted it with a water competent landscape garden at the Mark West Chamber of Commerce and Visitor's Center in March. Created from over a 100 local drought- tolerant plants, this garden shows the newest in water reducing setting.

"We are honored to have been selected for this award," observed Anthony Lindstrom, California American Water's Operations Superintendent in Larkfield, adding "We have been working hard to provide this community with high quality and reliable water while promoting conservation to ensure a sustainable supply. This award is a testament to that ongoing effort."

California American Water, a completely owned ancillary of American Water, offers premium and consistent water along with wastewater assistance to over 600,000 people. Established in 1886, American Water is the biggest investor-owned U.S. water as well as wastewater usefulness company. Headquartered in Voorhees, N.J., the organization uses the services of over 7,000 enthusiastic experts who offer drinking water, wastewater as well as other connected services to roughly 15 million people in 32 states along with Ontario, Canada. For additional facts one can refer to www.amwater.com.


Arizona State University Fits LED Lighting in Parking Constructions As component of Energy Conservation Venture

Lighting Science Group Corporation recently proclaimed that Arizona State University has adopted one more technique in its vow to 'going green' by retrofitting six parking constructions on the Tempe campus with novel light-releasing diode (LED) traits. Altering the prevailing fittings to Lighting Science's LED low bay solution will provide ASU with a yearly savings of up to $127,000 in energy as well as maintenance expenses for the six constructions that were retrofit.

As component of Phase II energy saving and sustainability venture in progress all over university grounds, ASU's associate APS Energy Services substituted above 2,000, 150 W metal halide fittings with Lighting Science's 78 W LED low bay luminaires. By substituting prevailing metal halide fittings as well as lamps, ASU will lessen its energy utilization by 1.5 million kW hours, which is equal to the yearly greenhouse gas releases from 208 passenger automobiles.

For this ecologically conscious university of almost 80,000 pupils, staff and workers, the lighting substitution venture presents a range of gains.

"Exploring the value of LED lighting solutions is an important component to 'greening' our university," observed Bonny Bentzin, the director of sustainable business applications at ASU, adding "In addition to the superior level of illumination offered by the LED fixtures, installing energy efficient lighting provides financial and environmental benefits."

Enhancing the light quality in a parking space allows people to spot pedestrians in a better way, other vehicles and obstacles, assisting them in feeling secure. Lighting Science's pyramid-shaped LED fittings are composed of 108 light supplies, by virtue of which if one light supply faints or does not work, additional light supplies stay to offer a consistent stage of lighting. The novel fittings are also less expensive to sustain since they survive 50,000 hours, or around three times greater than the archetypal metal halide fittings they substitute.

"APS Energy Services is proud to be a partner with the University in taking yet another step toward their goal of reducing overall energy consumption and its footprint on the environment," observed APS Energy Services' Sr. Account Executive, Rick Becker.

"We are proud to be a part of Arizona State University's initiative to employ sustainable, energy efficient technologies throughout the Tempe campus," revealed Lighting Science CEO, Zach Gibler further noting, "This project demonstrates that LED lighting is an economically viable, environmentally beneficial, and sustainable lighting alternative."

About Lighting Science

Lighting Science Group Corporation plans, expands, produces and promotes LED lighting solutions that are ecologically responsive and more energy competent than conventional lighting products. LSG presents retrofit LED lamps in form factors that go with the form factor of conventional lamps or bulbs and LED luminaires for an array of functions comprising public as well as private infrastructure for both interior along with out-of-doors use. LSG's Custom Solutions business component plans, expands and produces custom LED lighting solutions for architectural as well as creative ventures.

LSG is based in Satellite Beach, Florida; LSG's Custom Solutions business component is located in Rancho Cordova, California; LSG's European setup is anchored in Goes, The Netherlands; and, LSG has vending branches in Tokyo, Japan, Buckinghamshire, England as well as Sydney, Australia. For additional facts concerning LSG one may refer to, www.lsgc.com.


Environment breach in Ambedkar memorial: Ramesh

August 12: A top level group has detected environmental breach by the Mayawati govt in the forthcoming Ambedkar memorial in Noida and proper deed is being contemplated on the topic, Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh said.

"We are deciding what action can be taken in the matter as our team has found violation of environmental norms by the Uttar Pradesh government which has been denying the allegations," Ramesh revealed at the sidelines of a programme at New Delhi on Tuesday.

He additionally asserted that the observation of a Supreme Court panel will also be considered as it has in recent times gone to the Okhla Bird Sanctuary, bordering the park," he added.

Even as the topic has escalated into a debate with the Centre and Mayawati Government coming in disagreement with each other, Ramesh affirmed, "We do not want to politicize the issue."

"Whatever we will do it will be within the law. Many people had complained to us alleging a large number of trees were being cut, so we had to send our team to investigate into the matter," the Union Minister noted.


Arizona American Water's Project Conferred With 'Project of the Year' Award

August 8: Arizona American Water's Northwest Valley squad was awarded the Water Reuse Small Project of the Year honour at the yearly Arizona Water Reuse Conference recently held in Flagstaff, Arizona. The honour has been conferred for pioneering utilization of the Big Bubba Water Filter. The functional squad created a technique to utilize the water filter for internal industrial application, diminishing water use and reducing water charges by over 50 percent yearly.

"I'm extremely proud of the team at the Northwest Valley Facility for coming up with a savvy way to both save water and cut costs," stated a gleeful Paul Townsley, President of Arizona American Water adding, "Everyone knows that we must be mindful of the water we use here in the desert, and, thanks to this team, we will save an additional 12 million gallons a year."

Expenditure cutback tactics results in significant water reserves. Arizona American Water now recycles water from the network’s 1.2 million gallon equalization basin by cleaning the water with the help of water filter devised for normal drinking water. To cope up with time limit and be gainful, all jobs were carried out by in-house workers. Charges for water have declined over five thousand dollars a month in the winter period. Especially striking is that this treatment plant currently saves over twelve million gallons of water annually. In the autumn of 2008, the organization that produces the filter got in touch with Arizona American Water to know additionally about the function of its filter in a wastewater treatment plant.

One of the unexpected savings of the project was the exclusion of the necessity to soften the water. Since the wastewater treatment plant is recycling non drinkable water instead of drinking water in the treatment procedure, the requirement to soften the drinkable water has been eradicated. Consequently, the hub of water softeners at the centre is offline, furnishing extra savings on preservation and chemical cost which is approximately ten thousand dollars every month.



Kimberly-Clark Fixes Stringent Criteria for Tissue Products with Tough Global Forest Policy

August 7: Kimberly-Clark Corporation, the producers of Kleenex, Scott as well as Cottonelle brands, has proclaimed stringent fiber supply criteria that will augment protection of forests internationally and will turn the company as a pioneer for sustainably produced tissue products. Greenpeace, which functioned together with Kimberly-Clark on its altered norms, proclaimed that it will conclude its "Kleercut" promotion, which concentrated on the organization and its brands.

"We are committed to using environmentally responsible wood fiber and today's announcement enhances our industry-leading practices in this area," asserted Suhas Apte, Kimberly-Clark Vice President of Environment, Energy, Safety, Quality and Sustainability. He further observed "It is our belief that certified primary wood fiber and recycled fiber can both be used in an environmentally responsible way and can provide the product performance that customers and consumers expect from our well-known tissue brands. We commend Greenpeace for helping us develop more sustainable standards."

Kimberly-Clark has fixed a target of attaining 100 percent of the organization’s wood fiber for tissue products, comprising the Kleenex brand, from ecologically accountable sources. The altered norms will augment the fortification of Endangered Forests and boost the application of both Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) licensed fiber and recycled fiber. By the closing stages of 2011, Kimberly-Clark will guarantee that 40 percent of its North American tissue fiber – consisting of an anticipated 600,000 tonnes - is either recycled or FSC licensed, an augmentation of in excess of 70 percent over 2007 levels.

"Today, ancient forests like the Boreal Forest have won;" observed Richard Brooks, Greenpeace Canada Forest Campaign Coordinator adding, "This new relationship between Kimberly-Clark and Greenpeace will promote forest conservation, responsible forest management, and recycled fiber as far and wide as possible."

As well by the closing stages of 2011, Kimberly-Clark will eradicate the procurement of any fiber from the Canadian Boreal Forest that is not FSC licensed. This woodland is North America's biggest old growth forest, furnishing natural home for endangered flora and fauna for example woodland caribou as well as a shelter for over one billion migratory birds. It is furthermore the biggest global carbon stock on the earth, accumulating the same as 27 years value of global greenhouse gas release.

Additionally, the altered norms strengthen Kimberly-Clark's old prohibition on utilization of wood fiber from unlawful sources; appends a penchant for post-client recycled fiber; and sustains growth of recycling attempts and the spotting, mapping and defense of regions that have the capability to be chosen as Endangered or High Conservation Value forests.

"These revised standards are proof that when responsible companies and Greenpeace come together, the results can be good for business and great for the planet," observed Scott Paul, Greenpeace USA Forest Campaign Director further noting, "Kimberly-Clark's efforts are a challenge to its competitors. I hope other companies pay close attention."


Government going ahead with plans to defend environment

August 5: The government is going ahead with plans to establish a National Environmental Protection Authority to maintain ecological balance. Responding to a deliberation on the functioning of his ministry, the Minister of State for Environment and Forests, Mr. Jairam Ramesh observed that the planned Authority will be ready to function by the concluding stages of the current year. He said that the government had already put forward a bill for establishing a National Green Tribunal to complete the ecological strategy.

Mr. Ramesh further noted that the government has located 24 environmentally vital regions all over the nation requiring urgent involvement to curb air as well as water toxicity. He affirmed that two bills, one to defend the privileges of fishermen in the coastal regions and one more on wildlife fortification, will also be presented in the winter gathering of Parliament.

Mr. Ramesh made revelations to the members that India is making arrangements to release a satellite to examine the effect of the greenhouse gas release in the nation. Deliberations with regard to the project likely to cost 300 crore rupees are continuing with the scientists in Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) as well as additional organisations. Giving his comments on information on Himalayan Glacier, the Minister asserted, the alterations in the glacier are not unnatural and not because of climatic modifications.


'Cool Pavement Coatings' Presented by Nations Trust

August 4: With the commencement of the Emerald Cities Project May 2009, Nations Technology Trust Ltd. has offered a green endeavor with a bid to counter Global Warming by offering cool pavement products to alleviate the Urban Heat Island Effect of the cities. In July 2009, Nations Technology Trust Ltd. Entered into an Agreement to symbolize and promote a Polymer Composite Micro-Overlay (PCMO E-Krete) created by Polycon for entry into worldwide markets.

E-Krete polymer pavement covering were at first created for resurfacing, refurbishing, and expanding the operational span of asphalt pavement and have been utilized in military operations for more than 10 years. It is soft in color in comparison to asphalt, and has been assessed and utilized by the Army Corps of Engineers for roads as well as airports. It fulfills the criteria for FAA sanctions, Mil Specs, has a 10 year warranty and is as currently accepted by many Departments of Transportation in the USA. Termed commer4cially as "Emerald Cool Pavement" as a component of the Emerald Cities Initiative, Nations Technology Trust Ltd. Aims to make available this creation as an offering of previously merged trendy colors which can be appended to the batch mix at the paving work location.

Many wonder why color has been used as a protection against global warming. It appears so uncomplicated and so low-tech. Steven Chu, Nobel who won the Nobel Prize for physics and currently President Obama's Energy Secretary, altering the color of roofs, roads ad pavements to reflect a greater amount of sunlight as well as heat could play a major role in combating worldwide warming. In reality, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California of which Professor Chu was director has estimated that altering exterior colors in 100 of the world's biggest cities could save 44 billion tons of carbon dioxide, almost the amount of worldwide carbon emissions that are anticipated to emerge in the subsequent decade. "As a people, we are approaching the edge of the earth," observes Ed Doyle, Director of Nations Technology Trust Ltd, adding, “We are running out of time and really have no choice. But given the crisis, isn't it refreshing to realize we can do something 'simple' for a change that can actually make a difference?"

In making "Emerald Cool Coatings" available to the market it is obvious that a number of the cities which requires adopting this activity have no funds for funding green projects presently. "The mandate to reduce emissions combined with lack of funding for new projects puts most cities in a very difficult position," notes Sheri Roese, Director of the US Project Office in Phoenix, Arizona further adding "Through what we are now calling "Emerald Green Bonds," Nations Trust Ltd. is committed to assisting municipalities to leverage energy savings and carbon offset credits into private sector revenue bonds in order to get these projects done. Given the economy, this concept represents a creative new way forward."

Headquartered in London, Nations Trust Ltd. has conventionally focused on structured project funding risk alleviation solutions using key global bank sustained investment grade insurance. Nations Technology Trust Ltd., a component, assesses and chooses the most excellent sustainable expertise for Emerald Cities Projects, furnishing guidelines for town planners, community developers as well as municipalities.

Cool pavement advantages are not limited to heat island lessening. There also are numerous additional advantages, which have been confirmed by the EPA. Cool pavements can produce enhancements in water quality by means of diminished toxicity as well as heating of overflow into the water table; and polymer porous pavement coatings have been revealed to considerably lessen the noise of city streets as well as freeways.


New Survey Reveals Apprehensions Of Californians Over Drought

August 2: Almost one out of five Californians (18 percent) described water distribution and drought as the most vital environmental topic, almost a four-fold percentage augmentation from previous year, in accordance with the new annual Public Policy Institute of California Survey, Californians and the Environment. In spite of this growing anxiety, the survey also revealed that a greater number of Californians (50 percent) prefer that the state concentrate on saving water and competent utilization of the existing supply in comparison to those who prefer construction storage networks as well augmenting the water supply (43 percent).

"While our water supplies are dwindling, this poll shows California voters still are keeping their cool, and they expect the legislative leaders to do the same," observed Kathryn Phillips, director of the California Transportation and Air Initiative for Environmental Defense Fund, adding "Voters want the legislature to weigh all its options and come up with a comprehensive, sustainable and long-term water supply solution. That solution must include incentives for efficiency, water for the environment, and a more robust water market that prices water right, discourages waste and rewards efficient uses."

Legislative leaders have revealed that they are resolute to obtain a package of Bay-Delta water-linked technique prior to the conclusion of the session, an extremely quick and determined agenda for such an intricate series of topics. Furthermore, the Schwarzenegger government goes on to articulate sustenance for a projected $10 billion bond technique to fund more new water storage, although billions have been invested since 2000 on the crisis without furnishing dependable water supply or ecological advantages.

"After the bruising budget battle, a quick and expensive fix isn't the answer," asserted Cynthia Koehler, senior consulting attorney for Environmental Defense Fund, adding "We cannot simply build our way out of the water problem. Some new infrastructure may be part of the solution, but that needs to be determined through careful analysis and clear public debate."

"We can respond to the water challenge by becoming more water efficient, similar to California's response to the energy crisis in 2000," observed Phillips adding, "At that time, Californians flexed their power and became more efficient users, even as they began finding better, less environmentally damaging and more reliable ways to develop new energy."

"We shouldn't toss out environmental protections critical to preventing the extinction of Chinook salmon and other species," Kohler affirmed and also revealed, "Instead, we can learn to balance our water supply needs with needs for environmental protection by looking at long term and sustainable solutions."

"California's water supply system is built upon outdated rules and regulations that don't work for many farmers and certainly isn't working for the environment," Phillips asserted and noted. "While some farmers are getting full allocations of water, others such as those in west side Fresno County are not. We can rationalize our water use in California and we can work to provide incentives that reward efficiency, but these steps will require out of the box thinking, innovation and reforming how water was used and governed in the past."

"We can build a robust water market that moves water from willing sellers to its most efficient use," remarked Koehler, saying "We can protect our vital salmon heritage and wildlife by allocating sufficient flows for fish and other wildlife by 'capping' the amount that can sustainably be removed from the Bay-Delta. We can end the endless cycle of environmental litigation and we can have sustainable supplies of water for farms, cities and for wildlife."


Climate change could adversely effect cultivation: Swaminathan

July 29:July 29: Eminent Agriculture Scientist M S Swaminathan observed that climate change will have its most awful effect on agriculture and India should adopt techniques in the direction of attaining food stability.

He noted that for India as well as other developing nations, cultivation is basis of living in comparison to the West where merely 2-3 per cent of the populace is reliant on the agricultural activities. Revealing his thought and comments on monsoon management as well as agriculture advancement to MPs in the location of Parliament House, Mr. Swaminathan noted that food safety storage bin must be broadened to embrace other cereals apart from Wheat and rice. He said that conventional yields akin to Khesari pulse which can be cultivated in arid regions should also be treated with great significance.


Government acknowledges poor condition of Tiger reserves

July 28: The government on Tuesday acknowledged that the condition relating to 16 out of a total of 37 tiger reserves in the country was extremely poor and attempts were being made to enhance the conditions. The Environment and Forest Minister Mr. Jairam Ramesh made this revelation while launching the 5th Bengal Tiger Consultation Workshop in New Delhi and stated that a thorough Bill would be presented when the Parliament meets in winter, to safeguard wildlife as well as forest areas.

Mr. Ramesh also mentioned that his ministry was trying to establish tribunals for prompt action against poaching offenses. Currently around poachers are penalized with a fine of Rs 25,000 or the offenders receive 3 to 7 years term in jails as penalty. Corporate Affairs Minister Mr. Salman Khurshid urged the private sector to accord significance to this issue of social accountability


World's First 100% Biodegradable Quality Bottled Water From AQUAMANTRA

People like the usefulness of bottled water, but the awesome accomplishment of the category has caused toxic mess on the US ecology, where the standard water bottle will take over 500 years to crumble. Last week, a Southern California company transformed the industry by making available to the market a water bottle that totally biodegrades into organic substance inside 1-5 years.

AQUAMANTRA Premium Bottled Water headquartered in Dana Point, CA presented the globe’s first 100% recyclable, eco-friendly, compostable (non-PLA) Plastic Bottle on July 12th, 2009 at the Whole Foods Market in Tustin, California.

"We are so grateful to Whole Foods Market for supporting AQUAMANTRA's new ENSO Bottle(TM)," observed Alexandra Teklak, Founder and President of AQUAMANTRA and added, "I love this new paradigm we're in, co-creating new possibilities for the future of our planet with amazing retail partners like the exceptional Whole Foods Market and inspiring consumers to make an environmentally friendly choice with their dollars."

AQUAMANTRA's natural spring water emerges from the copious supply from Mt. Palomar in Southern California and the company won a Gold Medal for finest tasting water at The Berkeley Springs International Water Tasting Competition. AQUAMANTRA comprises an excessive percentage of silica, small quantities of Total Dissolved Solids and a balanced pH of 7.4. "How lucky are we?," noted Teklak with pride and added, "That we get to be the first company to introduce delicious local water, with a message that inspires and supports a plastic-free landfill -we are now in alignment with our triple bottom line - people-planet-profit. How does it get any better than that?"


Micro-level planning apt for solving water crises in India

Kolkata, July12: India is a country where a number of regions face a severe shortage of water. With a view to solve this perennial problem of water crises in the affected areas of the country, dams are constructed for the purpose. Eminent environmentalist Dr Pradip Kumar Sikdar associated with the Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management institute in Kolkata favours the water shed management plan that entails the construction of smaller water bodies in drought prone areas for catering to the demands of the people for water. Water shed management is also suitable for areas where rainfall is not sufficient and ground water level is not adequate for utilization.

According to Dr Sikdar there are two methods available for tapping and storing water. They are the soft engineering type and the hard engineering approach. Dr Sikdar says that the soft engineering type or micro level planning is preferable in comparison to the hard engineering approach which envisages the construction of huge dams with a great potential for triggering off an ecological catastrophe in the ecological system of the region where such dams are constructed. The soft engineering approach is preferable as it does not have any disastrous effect on the environment and does not render people homeless. Dr Sikdar observes that another serious threat that dams of great magnitude can pose is the triggering off deep seated fault associated with seismic activities thereby causing earthquakes and consequently causing great damage to life and property.

Dr Sikdar is of the opinion that people in dire need of water should not subjected to difficulties owing to delays arising out of controversies surrounding linked to the construction of dams. In this regard he cites the example of Sardar Sarovar dam that had resulted in a conflict between the proponents of the dam and those opposing it. Dr Sikdar feels that if dams have to be built proper rehabilitation of the people living in the region should precede its construction. He adds that measures to safeguard the ecological balance of the region should be adopted and proper examination of the seismic zone should be carried out before the project is launched. Constructions of dams can cause inundation of large areas adjoining it and transborder rehabilitation is the most apposite way of settling people affected by the downstream effect of dams during their construction.


BY ANJISHNU BISWAS


Key Measures Taken To Safeguard Tigers: Jairam Ramesh


New Delhi, July 7: A number of landmark schemes have been undertaken to fortify tiger conservation in the nation on the basis of the suggestions of the Tiger Task Force, which was formed by the National Board for Wildlife, following tigers getting locally wiped out in Sariska. Replying to a calling attention notice by Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy, in Rajya Sabha today connecting to “the situation arising out of the depletion of the population of tigers and in some cases their extinction in many protected areas in the country the action taken by the government”, Shri Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State for Environment & Forests (Independent charge) revealed this in a declaration.

Showing great apprehension the minister observed that protection of our national animal, the tiger, is a prime issue with nationwide as well as worldwide consequences. The condition of tiger persists to be in danger of extinction, and the Government of India, in an constant method, is offer support to the 17 tiger States under the Centrally funded scheme of Project Tiger.

Providing facts on several major efforts made by the Ministry during the last few years Shri Jairam Ramesh stated they comprise modification of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 in 2006 for setting up the National Tiger Conservation Authority and the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau, announcement of 8 new tiger reserves, amendment of project tiger scheme with novel mechanism including an improved village transfer package of Rs.10 lakhs for each family from the previous Rs.1 lakh, offering augmented financial assistance to States for tiger conservation with eco-development for peripheral people, making endeavours for global collaboration to protect tigers, reintroduction of tigers in Sariska and Panna and offering 100% central help for rearing, arming and deploying the Special Tiger Protection Force in 13 susceptible tiger reserves.

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Mutual Contract Endorsed Between World Energy Research and Blue Energy Canada

World Energy Research as well as Blue Energy Canada have signed a mutual contract by virtue of which World Energy Research will fund the expansion of Blue Energy Canada's first 200 MW business tidal power mission at an expenditure of approximately half a billion dollars. World Energy Research, which concentrates in the growth and commercialization of green power expertise, opt for Blue Energy's resource-propelled tidal power design over other expertise in the up-and-coming tidal power segment.

"After exhaustive research, World Energy Research found several companies capable of producing small amounts of energy, but none on the scale of Blue Energy's Davis Tidal Turbine, which was developed specifically to harness tidal power on a large scale," observed Chad Willis, Managing Director of World Energy Research.

"The Blue Energy vertical-axis turbine represents two decades of Canadian research and development, which generates an inexpensive, non-exhaustible source of environmentally-safe electricity to power the world's energy needs," asserted Blue Energy Canada's CEO, Martin J. Burger.

The joint venture has the potential to enjoy a stimulating time in the forthcoming commercialization of this game altering expertise, utilizing the globe’s biggest unexploited renewable energy supply.


World Energy Research

World Energy Research is an autonomous energy investigation, study, management and operating company that focuses on low-threat, safe, private placement energy investments. Its task is to produce collaborations with major energy companies on the vanguard of expertise, making the most recent and most useful projects in the global energy market obtainable to its investors. Visit http://www.worldenergyresearch.com for additional facts.

Blue Energy Canada Inc.
Blue Energy Canada Inc. is a green energy expertise company commercializing the Davis Hydro Turbine, able to change tidal currents into electricity. With its scalable and established superior aerospace expertise, Blue Energy is a solution the world has been looking for. Visit http://www.bluenergy.com for additional facts.





 

 
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